Handling in Odessa

Cargo transshipment methods and a detailed description of the operation process

Transshipment is a series of actions, the essence of which is to change the place of cargo from one vehicle (TS) to another. Usually this process is associated with the movement of cargo from a different type of vehicle to another.

There are several methods for transshipment of goods:
  • with a change in the type of vehicle. For example, from a car to a ship or to a train car;
  • direct way of transshipment. In this case, it is important to agree on the stages of transshipment in advance, since transshipment is carried out from various modes of transport at crossing points, so that long-term downtime does not occur and the transportation time does not increase;
  • when using storage facilities. It must be remembered that it will be necessary to carry out additional loading and unloading operations in the process of transporting goods.

What is cargo transshipment



Transshipment of cargo at the port is a necessary process that naturally slows down the transportation of goods. To speed up the time of cargo delivery, a number of additional measures are applied:
  • cargo is transported in special containers;
  • use vessels of mixed types;
  • use equipment that is distinguished by high productivity for loading and unloading in the port;
  • the most convenient unloading schedules are developed at the points where transshipment takes place;

Transshipment of cargo involves a number of secondary services:

  • cargo storage at the port territory under protection;
  • reception and unloading from the vehicle;
  • cargo weighing;
  • loading cargo into a vehicle,
  • shipment;
  • transshipment of cargo in seaports;
  • loading cargo onto the vessel, securing containers, separation, unfastening and subsequent unloading;
  • production of a manifesto and a bill of lading, preparation of the required documentation for the carriage of goods.
  • Registration of cargo in the customs service, control of the transshipment process by customs officers;
  • the implementation of all necessary warehouse operations that are associated with the transshipment of goods;
  • mooring and other additional operations related to the transportation of goods;
  • service of the transported freight by a freight forwarder.

Data for the operation of transshipment of cargo



For cargo transshipment to be carried out quickly and within the framework of the law, it will be necessary to complete a full package of documents. We are talking not only about the documentation for the goods, but also about the documentation allowing its transportation. It is very difficult to independently collect such a number of documents in a short time. It is better to use the services of specialists.

To prepare documentation for transhipment, it is necessary to prepare the following data:

  1. information about the company and the product: mass, quantity, volume. quantity of exported goods;
  2. the size of the cargo space;
  3. type of packaging;
  4. in case the goods are dangerous, hazard class;
  5. transshipment period;
  6. additional requirements (type of loading, terms and conditions of storage, etc.).

The PRR processes in Odessa are considered executed correctly if:

  • special lifting devices are used that do not damage the cargo and the vessel;
  • the cargo is handled with care without damaging its packaging, fastenings, marking, contents of the package;
  • the cargo is not damaged due to contact with the neighboring cargo during transshipment or during transportation, during storage at the transshipment point and during transportation through the port territory;
  • special separation materials and means are used;
  • the cargo on the ship is packed as it should according to the cargo plan, which was approved by the master of the ship.

Rules for cargo transfer by port to ship



Export cargo on ships is carried out in accordance with a special order for the shipment of exported goods. Such an order must have a special seal, which is put by the representative of the customs service to permit loading.

With the help of a tally receipt, delivery of the transported cargo by the operator to the carrier is carried out.
Acceptance of cargo is carried out in accordance with the work schedule of the port employee. Comments that relate to the condition and quantity of export cargo are presented at the employee shift on which the cargo was loaded and the data were recorded in the tally report.

If discrepancies in the accounts related to the cargo between the port terminal operator and the carrier are revealed, further actions can be stopped if one of the parties requires it.
If this situation occurs, the cargo is recalculated, the received data is recorded in the act. If it is not possible to recount the cargo, the port officer and the carrier draw up an act of the general form of documentation for loading, unless other options are spelled out in the transshipment agreement.

If the carrier did not control the transshipment of cargo and, accordingly, did not complete the necessary documentation, use the information indicated by the operator recorded in the tally of the receipt.
Upon completion of the PRR of the goods transported to the ship, the operator creates a couple of copies of documents for the transshipment of the exported goods. One copy is left to the carrier, the second is returned to the port employee.

Stages of transfer of all types of cargo by port - to the ship

  1. Tare, piece goods are transferred according to the number of places, without checking the weight of the goods.
  2. General cargo is transferred by the number of seats, weight, volume, checking the appearance, visually inspecting it, checking the marking of the cargo.
  3. When transferring part of the cargo, it is shipped, taking into account the number of places, indicating them in the transportation document, their total weight is also recorded, which is determined by the marking that is applied to the package or the weight is calculated according to one package, determining it by dividing the mass of the entire batch into number of places.
  4. Loads in big bag packages are transferred, counting the number of big bags, without checking their weight and the number of goods in the package itself.
  5. The containers with the goods are transferred, conducting a preliminary inspection, while checking the number, absence of damage, seal, visibility of control signs on the sealed areas, the compliance of the information indicated by the carrier in the documentation, and the absence of damage to the container.
  6. Loads of bulk / bulk type are transferred according to the mass recorded in the documentation, or they are checked according to the method that is stated by the requirements applicable to the respective transport or specified in the contract for the transshipment of this type of product.
If there is a special application from the client, the verification of the weight of the goods prescribed in the documents is carried out in the presence of the operator and the carrier, if necessary, weighing is carried out at the customer. If there are no applications of this kind, the goods are weighed only in the presence of a terminal employee.

If the weight of the cargo diverges from the information written in the document according to which the goods arrived at the port and information about the weight of the goods, which is calculated after weighing, the port operator, in the presence of the client, fills out the reconciliation report.

The data in this act record the difference in the actual mass of the cargo with the mass recorded in the documents. Appliances, electrical appliances, automobiles and other mechanisms are transmitted according to a visual assessment without having to carry out maintenance and inspection of component parts, if this is not required by the client.




 Transshipment is a series of actions, the essence of which is to change the place of cargo from one vehicle (TS) to another. Usually this process is associated with the movement of cargo from a different type of vehicle to another.

There are several methods for transshipment of goods:
  • with a change in the type of vehicle. For example, from a car to a ship or to a train car;
  • direct way of transshipment. In this case, it is important to agree on the stages of transshipment in advance, since transshipment is carried out from various modes of transport at crossing points, so that long-term downtime does not occur and the transportation time does not increase;
  • when using storage facilities. It must be remembered that it will be necessary to carry out additional loading and unloading operations in the process of transporting goods.

What is cargo transshipment



Transshipment of cargo at the port is a necessary process that naturally slows down the transportation of goods. To speed up the time of cargo delivery, a number of additional measures are applied:
  • cargo is transported in special containers;
  • use vessels of mixed types;
  • use equipment that is distinguished by high productivity for loading and unloading in the port;
  • the most convenient unloading schedules are developed at the points where transshipment takes place;

Transshipment of cargo involves a number of secondary services:

  • cargo storage at the port territory under protection;
  • reception and unloading from the vehicle;
  • cargo weighing;
  • loading cargo into a vehicle,
  • shipment;
  • transshipment of cargo in seaports;
  • loading cargo onto the vessel, securing containers, separation, unfastening and subsequent unloading;
  • production of a manifesto and a bill of lading, preparation of the required documentation for the carriage of goods.
  • Registration of cargo in the customs service, control of the transshipment process by customs officers;
  • the implementation of all necessary warehouse operations that are associated with the transshipment of goods;
  • mooring and other additional operations related to the transportation of goods;
  • service of the transported freight by a freight forwarder.

Data for the operation of transshipment of cargo



For cargo transshipment to be carried out quickly and within the framework of the law, it will be necessary to complete a full package of documents. We are talking not only about the documentation for the goods, but also about the documentation allowing its transportation. It is very difficult to independently collect such a number of documents in a short time. It is better to use the services of specialists.

To prepare documentation for transhipment, it is necessary to prepare the following data:

  1. information about the company and the product: mass, quantity, volume. quantity of exported goods;
  2. the size of the cargo space;
  3. type of packaging;
  4. in case the goods are dangerous, hazard class;
  5. transshipment period;
  6. additional requirements (type of loading, terms and conditions of storage, etc.).

The PRR processes in Odessa are considered executed correctly if:

  • special lifting devices are used that do not damage the cargo and the vessel;
  • the cargo is handled with care without damaging its packaging, fastenings, marking, contents of the package;
  • the cargo is not damaged due to contact with the neighboring cargo during transshipment or during transportation, during storage at the transshipment point and during transportation through the port territory;
  • special separation materials and means are used;
  • the cargo on the ship is packed as it should according to the cargo plan, which was approved by the master of the ship.

Rules for cargo transfer by port to ship



Export cargo on ships is carried out in accordance with a special order for the shipment of exported goods. Such an order must have a special seal, which is put by the representative of the customs service to permit loading.

With the help of a tally receipt, delivery of the transported cargo by the operator to the carrier is carried out.
Acceptance of cargo is carried out in accordance with the work schedule of the port employee. Comments that relate to the condition and quantity of export cargo are presented at the employee shift on which the cargo was loaded and the data were recorded in the tally report.

If discrepancies in the accounts related to the cargo between the port terminal operator and the carrier are revealed, further actions can be stopped if one of the parties requires it.
If this situation occurs, the cargo is recalculated, the received data is recorded in the act. If it is not possible to recount the cargo, the port officer and the carrier draw up an act of the general form of documentation for loading, unless other options are spelled out in the transshipment agreement.

If the carrier did not control the transshipment of cargo and, accordingly, did not complete the necessary documentation, use the information indicated by the operator recorded in the tally of the receipt.
Upon completion of the PRR of the goods transported to the ship, the operator creates a couple of copies of documents for the transshipment of the exported goods. One copy is left to the carrier, the second is returned to the port employee.

Stages of transfer of all types of cargo by port - to the ship

  1. Tare, piece goods are transferred according to the number of places, without checking the weight of the goods.
  2. General cargo is transferred by the number of seats, weight, volume, checking the appearance, visually inspecting it, checking the marking of the cargo.
  3. When transferring part of the cargo, it is shipped, taking into account the number of places, indicating them in the transportation document, their total weight is also recorded, which is determined by the marking that is applied to the package or the weight is calculated according to one package, determining it by dividing the mass of the entire batch into number of places.
  4. Loads in big bag packages are transferred, counting the number of big bags, without checking their weight and the number of goods in the package itself.
  5. The containers with the goods are transferred, conducting a preliminary inspection, while checking the number, absence of damage, seal, visibility of control signs on the sealed areas, the compliance of the information indicated by the carrier in the documentation, and the absence of damage to the container.
  6. Loads of bulk / bulk type are transferred according to the mass recorded in the documentation, or they are checked according to the method that is stated by the requirements applicable to the respective transport or specified in the contract for the transshipment of this type of product.
If there is a special application from the client, the verification of the weight of the goods prescribed in the documents is carried out in the presence of the operator and the carrier, if necessary, weighing is carried out at the customer. If there are no applications of this kind, the goods are weighed only in the presence of a terminal employee.

If the weight of the cargo diverges from the information written in the document according to which the goods arrived at the port and information about the weight of the goods, which is calculated after weighing, the port operator, in the presence of the client, fills out the reconciliation report.

The data in this act record the difference in the actual mass of the cargo with the mass recorded in the documents. Appliances, electrical appliances, automobiles and other mechanisms are transmitted according to a visual assessment without having to carry out maintenance and inspection of component parts, if this is not required by the client.




Transshipment is a series of actions, the essence of which is to change the place of cargo from one vehicle (TS) to another. Usually this process is associated with the movement of cargo from a different type of vehicle to another.

There are several methods for transshipment of goods:
  • with a change in the type of vehicle. For example, from a car to a ship or to a train car;
  • direct way of transshipment. In this case, it is important to agree on the stages of transshipment in advance, since transshipment is carried out from various modes of transport at crossing points, so that long-term downtime does not occur and the transportation time does not increase;
  • when using storage facilities. It must be remembered that it will be necessary to carry out additional loading and unloading operations in the process of transporting goods.

What is cargo transshipment



Transshipment of cargo at the port is a necessary process that naturally slows down the transportation of goods. To speed up the time of cargo delivery, a number of additional measures are applied:
  • cargo is transported in special containers;
  • use vessels of mixed types;
  • use equipment that is distinguished by high productivity for loading and unloading in the port;
  • the most convenient unloading schedules are developed at the points where transshipment takes place;

Transshipment of cargo involves a number of secondary services:

  • cargo storage at the port territory under protection;
  • reception and unloading from the vehicle;
  • cargo weighing;
  • loading cargo into a vehicle,
  • shipment;
  • transshipment of cargo in seaports;
  • loading cargo onto the vessel, securing containers, separation, unfastening and subsequent unloading;
  • production of a manifesto and a bill of lading, preparation of the required documentation for the carriage of goods.
  • Registration of cargo in the customs service, control of the transshipment process by customs officers;
  • the implementation of all necessary warehouse operations that are associated with the transshipment of goods;
  • mooring and other additional operations related to the transportation of goods;
  • service of the transported freight by a freight forwarder.

Data for the operation of transshipment of cargo



For cargo transshipment to be carried out quickly and within the framework of the law, it will be necessary to complete a full package of documents. We are talking not only about the documentation for the goods, but also about the documentation allowing its transportation. It is very difficult to independently collect such a number of documents in a short time. It is better to use the services of specialists.

To prepare documentation for transhipment, it is necessary to prepare the following data:

  1. information about the company and the product: mass, quantity, volume. quantity of exported goods;
  2. the size of the cargo space;
  3. type of packaging;
  4. in case the goods are dangerous, hazard class;
  5. transshipment period;
  6. additional requirements (type of loading, terms and conditions of storage, etc.).

The PRR processes in Odessa are considered executed correctly if:

  • special lifting devices are used that do not damage the cargo and the vessel;
  • the cargo is handled with care without damaging its packaging, fastenings, marking, contents of the package;
  • the cargo is not damaged due to contact with the neighboring cargo during transshipment or during transportation, during storage at the transshipment point and during transportation through the port territory;
  • special separation materials and means are used;
  • the cargo on the ship is packed as it should according to the cargo plan, which was approved by the master of the ship.

Rules for cargo transfer by port to ship



Export cargo on ships is carried out in accordance with a special order for the shipment of exported goods. Such an order must have a special seal, which is put by the representative of the customs service to permit loading.

With the help of a tally receipt, delivery of the transported cargo by the operator to the carrier is carried out.
Acceptance of cargo is carried out in accordance with the work schedule of the port employee. Comments that relate to the condition and quantity of export cargo are presented at the employee shift on which the cargo was loaded and the data were recorded in the tally report.

If discrepancies in the accounts related to the cargo between the port terminal operator and the carrier are revealed, further actions can be stopped if one of the parties requires it.
If this situation occurs, the cargo is recalculated, the received data is recorded in the act. If it is not possible to recount the cargo, the port officer and the carrier draw up an act of the general form of documentation for loading, unless other options are spelled out in the transshipment agreement.

If the carrier did not control the transshipment of cargo and, accordingly, did not complete the necessary documentation, use the information indicated by the operator recorded in the tally of the receipt.
Upon completion of the PRR of the goods transported to the ship, the operator creates a couple of copies of documents for the transshipment of the exported goods. One copy is left to the carrier, the second is returned to the port employee.

Stages of transfer of all types of cargo by port - to the ship

  1. Tare, piece goods are transferred according to the number of places, without checking the weight of the goods.
  2. General cargo is transferred by the number of seats, weight, volume, checking the appearance, visually inspecting it, checking the marking of the cargo.
  3. When transferring part of the cargo, it is shipped, taking into account the number of places, indicating them in the transportation document, their total weight is also recorded, which is determined by the marking that is applied to the package or the weight is calculated according to one package, determining it by dividing the mass of the entire batch into number of places.
  4. Loads in big bag packages are transferred, counting the number of big bags, without checking their weight and the number of goods in the package itself.
  5. The containers with the goods are transferred, conducting a preliminary inspection, while checking the number, absence of damage, seal, visibility of control signs on the sealed areas, the compliance of the information indicated by the carrier in the documentation, and the absence of damage to the container.
  6. Loads of bulk / bulk type are transferred according to the mass recorded in the documentation, or they are checked according to the method that is stated by the requirements applicable to the respective transport or specified in the contract for the transshipment of this type of product.
If there is a special application from the client, the verification of the weight of the goods prescribed in the documents is carried out in the presence of the operator and the carrier, if necessary, weighing is carried out at the customer. If there are no applications of this kind, the goods are weighed only in the presence of a terminal employee.

If the weight of the cargo diverges from the information written in the document according to which the goods arrived at the port and information about the weight of the goods, which is calculated after weighing, the port operator, in the presence of the client, fills out the reconciliation report.

The data in this act record the difference in the actual mass of the cargo with the mass recorded in the documents. Appliances, electrical appliances, automobiles and other mechanisms are transmitted according to a visual assessment without having to carry out maintenance and inspection of component parts, if this is not required by the client.




 Transshipment is a series of actions, the essence of which is to change the place of cargo from one vehicle (TS) to another. Usually this process is associated with the movement of cargo from a different type of vehicle to another.

There are several methods for transshipment of goods:
  • with a change in the type of vehicle. For example, from a car to a ship or to a train car;
  • direct way of transshipment. In this case, it is important to agree on the stages of transshipment in advance, since transshipment is carried out from various modes of transport at crossing points, so that long-term downtime does not occur and the transportation time does not increase;
  • when using storage facilities. It must be remembered that it will be necessary to carry out additional loading and unloading operations in the process of transporting goods.

What is cargo transshipment



Transshipment of cargo at the port is a necessary process that naturally slows down the transportation of goods. To speed up the time of cargo delivery, a number of additional measures are applied:
  • cargo is transported in special containers;
  • use vessels of mixed types;
  • use equipment that is distinguished by high productivity for loading and unloading in the port;
  • the most convenient unloading schedules are developed at the points where transshipment takes place;

Transshipment of cargo involves a number of secondary services:

  • cargo storage at the port territory under protection;
  • reception and unloading from the vehicle;
  • cargo weighing;
  • loading cargo into a vehicle,
  • shipment;
  • transshipment of cargo in seaports;
  • loading cargo onto the vessel, securing containers, separation, unfastening and subsequent unloading;
  • production of a manifesto and a bill of lading, preparation of the required documentation for the carriage of goods.
  • Registration of cargo in the customs service, control of the transshipment process by customs officers;
  • the implementation of all necessary warehouse operations that are associated
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